The climate of India and its unique diversity had enduring impact on the emergence of India as a socially and culturally vibrant country. It is the land of snowcapped mountains as well as sprawling deserts, vast open plains as well as densely covered forests.
Located in south Asia India is the seventh largest country in the world and its mainland area is around 3,287,782 square kilometer. The territories of India measure 3,214 kilometer from north to south and 2933 kilometer from east to west. Its land frontier is around 15,200 kilometer long and coastline ranges about 6,100 kilometer.
India is a land of great geographical diversities. The geographical divisions defining Indian geographical landscape are the northern mountain chain, the Indo-Gangetic Plains, the desert region and the southern peninsula. The mighty Himalayas in the north provide an impenetrable barrier to the cold winds of central Asia, and gives the sub-continent the features of tropical type of climate.
India has been traditionally known as the land of rivers. The length and breadth of the country is criss- crossed by sprawling rivers and tiny rivulets. The holy Ganges, Yamuna, Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, Kaveri are some of the major rivers of India.
India is a land of all seasons and the cycle of different seasons has provided a distinct rhythm to the lifestyle of people living in different parts of the country. The four climatic seasons of India are Winter (December to February), Summer (March to May), South-West Monsoons (June to September) and Retreating Monsoon (October to November). The rainfall in India shows great variations in terms of its geographical distribution, frequency, and seasonal occurrence. Most of the rainfall in India takes place under the influence of South West monsoon between June to September.
As a result of the occurrence of diverse geographical features in India it has bewildering variety of flora and fauna. Forests in the ranges of Himalayan have a diverse variety of trees starting from conifers and broad-leaved trees occurring in the temperate zone to silver birch, silver fir, and junipers etc in the alpine zone. The scenic islands of India are home to rare species of animals, birds, fishes, reptiles, corals and other organisms. The widespread Wildlife sanctuaries and National Parks of India provides natural habitat to hundreds of wild animals including the Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic elephant, leopard, lion and many more and it's here we can see them in their natural way of life.